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Англійська граматика - Гусак:PRONOUNS

EXERCISE I.
Here you have personal pronouns
Subject: he, she, it, you, I, one, we, they.
Object: me, you, him, her, it, one, us, them.
Complete the sentences. Use pronouns from the list above.
1) Josh lost the purse. … doesn’t know when it happened.
2) We met girls in the cafe, but Bob didn’t meet …
3) Kate was there too. I talked to … for twenty minutes.
4) Carol bought a new car. … is a Mercedes.
5) I need some help. Please, help …
6) My friend and I sold all the trees. … need some new flowers now.
7) He looked at me. … couldn’t help him.
8) They invited us. … agreed to come.
9) I want to send … this present. They will be glad.
10) We locked his documents. … was very angry.
EXECISE II.
Here we have possessive pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.
Fill in these pronouns in the exercise below.
1. This book is worse. … is better.
2. It is not my bag. It is …
3. They lost their copy. It is …
4. She brought the umbrella. It is …
5. We have the new books. There are …
6. You don’t have a pen. Is it … ?
7. I don’t need this eraser. I have …
8. He bought a new painting. It is …
9. Are these pencils …
10. They have books for home reading. They are …
EXERCISE III.
Choose the correct form.
1. She often sees (he, him) in the office.
2. They live near (she, her) in this district.
3. He teaches (we, us) French this semester.
4. You’ll sit near (I, me) at this party.
5. I’ve known (they, them) for five years.
6. She wants to talk with (he, him).
7. He explains the rule to (we, us) very often.
8. You always help (I, me) with my home assignments.
9. He always looks at (she, her) when they meet.
10. We always speak to (he, him) in Japanese.
11. He lost his eraser. Give him (your, yours).
12. They bought a new house. It is (their, theirs).
13. Ann gave me this cassette. It is (her, hers).
14. The children bought a book for Bob. Now it’s (his, his).
15. I never borrow pens and pencils. I always have (my, mine).
EXERCISE IV.
Here we have some reflexive pronouns as myself, himself, herself, itself, yourself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.
And here you’ll try to fill in these pronouns.
1) The man fell … Nobody pushed him.
2) The vase broke … It was of bad quality.
3) The children amuse … with the balloons.
4) The policeman shot … by accident.
5) She loves … very much. She is so self absorbed.
6) My brother shaves … every morning.
7) The cat hurt … when it jumped from that pine tree.
8) Did you enjoy … at that party yesterday?
9) The boys taught … to ride a bike.
10) Ann and I helped … with this problem.
EXERCISE V.
Complete the sentences using reflexive pronouns.
1) Herbert burnt … while lighting a cigar.
2) The children enjoyed … at the party.
3) Liz taught … to sew.
4) I have cut … while shaving.
5) The cat washes … every morning.
6) You will hurt … while jumping.
7) The parents blame … for what has happened.
8) Solomon shaves … every morning.
9) We protect … from bad emotions.
10) Kathy likes to look at … in the mirror.
EXERCISE VI.
Here we have the emphatic use of reflexive pronouns: my-
self, himself, herself, itself, yourself, ourselves, yourselves, them-selves:
Fill in the gaps with the nessecary pronouns:
1. Ann … will do all the washing.
2. I … will have a lot to do.
3. They … refused to come to visit us.
4. The detective … investigated the crime.
5. You … must speak to him about it.
6. The pupils … wrote this test perfectly well.
7. I … don’t visit this cafe.
8. John … sent this parcel.
9. They … did this test.
10. We … could cross this river.
11. Jane … sewed everything in her teens.
12. The President … gave this order.
13. The children … organized the puppet show.
14. The Queen … wrote this letter.
15. I … published this article.
EXERCISE VII.
Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Ми не бачили їх два роки.
2. Її новий автомобіль дуже дорогий.
3. Я не можу допомогти йому. У мене обмаль часу.
4. Ця книжка не наша. Наша була новіша.
5. Це не ваша валіза, а його.
6. Ти забув ручку? Візьми мою.
7. Це місце ваше? Наше зайняте.
8. Ці малюнки її чи їхні?
9. Кішка завжди вмивається сама.
10. Хотілось би, щоб ти побачив себе у дзеркалі.
11. Самотні люди часто розмовляють самі із собою.
12. Він піднявся на руках і переліз через паркан.
13. Якщо ти граєшся з ножем, то можеш порізатися.
14. Коли в машині закінчиться бензин, вона зупиниться сама.
15. Хлопці впали з пагорба і поранились.
16. Вона каже, що сама не знала про це.
EXERCISE VIII.
Here we have demonstrative pronouns such as this, that, those, these.
Change the pronouns this and that to plural form and make neces-sary changes in the sentence.
1. This letter is yours. — These letters are yours.
2. That hill is too far away.
3. This book is out of date.
4. This wallet on the chair is mine.
5. This box is very beautiful.
6. That picture is an oil painting.
7. This is my mother’s idea.
8. That armchair is new.
9. This box of cigars is his.
10. That slipper is John’s one.
EXERCISE IX.
Here we have indefinite pronouns some, any, no, something, any-thing, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody, someone, anyone, no one, every, everyone, everybody, everything.
Change the sentences to negative and interrogative forms using any instead of some.
1. We have some guests today.
2. Give me some pens.
3. The doctor gave her some medicine.
4. I’ve bought some envelopes today.
5. There is some news I want to tell you.
6. We need some lemons for the cake.
7. They read some English books.
8. There is some sheep in the yard.
9. We see some cats near the rubbish box.
10. They keep some tools in the box.
EXERCISE X.
Fill in some or any where necessary.
1. I haven’t … stamps now.
2. Please put … sugar in this tea.
3. There are … flowers in the vase.
4. She hasn’t … pets at all.
5. He wanted to buy … lemons.
6. They never have … trouble with their child.
7. Steve says he has … money with him.
8. We need … apples for fresh juice.
9. We never have … problems with our car.
10. Don’t give … money to Kate. She is always losing it.
EXERCISE XI.
Make these sentences negative and interrogative:
1. There are some roses in the vase.
2. He had some documents to prepare.
3. We need some apples to buy today.
4. They translated some books from Japanese.
5. They put some milk into their coffee.
6. We bought some new furniture.
7. He needs some money for the redecoration.
8. The children made some new puppets for their performance.
9. There is some juice in the glass.
10. We have some new photos to show you.
EXERCISE XII.
Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Ми ніколи не мали проблем з нашим сином. 2. Том хотів купити кілька помаранчів. 3. Дайте мені, будь ласка, кілька пош¬тових марок. 4. Налийте мені трохи молока в каву. 5. У нас ні¬коли не було проблем з нашим автомобілем. 6. Вони купили кілька нових будинків. 7. У вас є кілька лимонів? 8. Ми не маємо ніяких завдань. 9. Я бачу кілька овець на пагорбі. 10. Ви можете дати мені кілька порад? 11. Не давай йому ніяких грошей, бо він їх потратить.
EXERCISE XШ.
We use some, something, somebody and somewhere in positive sentences, any, anything, anybody, anywhere in questions and nega-tive sentences, no, nobody, nothing, nowhere are used only in nega-tive sentences;
Fill in the gaps with something; somebody; anything; anybody; nothing; nobody; somewhere; anywhere; nowhere.
1. There is. .. pleasant in her appearance.
2. She never does … wrong.
3. Will … give me this information?
4. The room is empty. I can find …
5. We must send … for the cake.
6. He seemed to know … interesting about this.
7. We met … near the river. The bank was empty.
8. Will … help me to do this?
9. If you need … ask her please.
10. They must ask … to show the books.
11. Where is my T-shirt? I can’t find it …
12. Let’s go … else today.
13. If you do this, it will lead to …
14. Has … seen John today?
15. He did … to help us.
16. There was … in the hall. It was empty.
EXERCISE XIV.
Choose the appropriate pronouns (something, somebody, any-thing, anybody, somewhere, anywhere)
1. We saw … in the distance but we didn’t recognize him.
2. There is … pleasant in her face.
3. I’ve put my blouse … and cannot find it.
4. Did you see … here ten minutes ago?
5. He was never angry with …
6. She wrote … in her notes and closed her note — book.
7. Do you know … in London?
8. If you need … just ask me, please.
9. John never does … wrong.
10. We cannot find her … Where has she gone?
11. Will … help him to finish this work?
12. I want to buy … extraordinary for her.
13. You mustn’t tell … about this plan.
14. Have you seen George? Yes, he is … here.
15. Would you like … to eat?
EXERCISE XV.
Choose the appropriate pronoun from the box.
Any, anybody, anything, every, everybody, everything
1. She does morning exercises … day.
2. You can meet her … time between 1 and 2.
3. This is a small town where … knows … about …
4. He will do … to save her.
5. There are a lot of carpets here. You can choose … colour you like.
6. They told us … they wanted and there isn’t … else to say.
7. He seemed to know … about music.
8. She doesn’t know … about these gossips.
9. We know … person in this club.
10. … knows him as a very talented writer.
EXERCISE XVI.
Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Чи бачив хто-небудь дітей? 2. Ми не можемо ніде знайти цю книжку. 3. Там хтось ходить на горі. 4. Є що-небудь поїсти в холодильнику? 5. Щось велике лежало на столі. 6. Я десь поклала oлівець і не можу знайти. 7. Хтось ходив по садку і співав пісень¬ку. 8. Ви бачили що-небудь цікаве на виставці? 9. Покличте кого-небудь, щоб допоміг нам. 10. Чи є у тебе щось цікаве почитати?
EXERCISE XVII.
Fill in the gaps with none, nobody, nothing.
1. … of us will go there. It’s not the place we should go.
2. … has happened. Don’t worry.
3. It was too dark outside and we could see …
4. He found two copies but … of them was correct.
5. Kate had watched … of the two films I told her to watch.
6. There was … in the hall when we entered.
7. He will buy … today because it is Sunday and the shops are closed.
8. There was … at the counter.
9. You can see … out of the window. It is snowing heavily.
10. … of them is rigid.
EXERCISE XVIII.
Make the words in brackets and sentences negative:
1. (Any) of us can read this text without the dictionary.
2. They have (something) in the fridge.
3. You have (anything) else to translate into English.
4. They saw (somebody) on the top of the hill.
5. The children are (somewhere) in the garden.
6. Did you see (anybody) in the hall)?
7. We have (something) cool to drink. Let’s look into the fridge.
8.We cannot find these materials (anywhere). Will you help us?
9. Can you see (anybody) there on the bank of the lake?
10. They saw (somebody) on the top of the hill.
EXERCISE XIX.
Change the negative pronouns into interrogative or affirmative ones:
1. There was nobody in the corridor. 2. He knew that he could go nowhere. 3. The night was so dark that we saw nothing in this darkness. 4. We shall read nothing more interesting. 5. Nobody
has finished this exercise. 6. This quarrel will lead to nowhere. 7. Nothing grew in her beds because she planted nothing this year. 8. He has changed so much that nobody recognizes him. 9. They did nothing to help us in this situation. 10. You can see nothing out of here.
EXERCISE XX.
Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Коли ми виглянули у двір, там нікого не було. 2. Я думаю, що нічого серйозного не трапилось. 3. Дітей ніде не видно. Вони, напевно, побігли гратись надвір. 4. Холодильник пустий, там ні¬чого немає. 5. Ніхто не знав, як робити цю вправу. 6. Я не знаю нічого про цю сім’ю. 7. Він ніде не буває останнім часом. 8. У кла¬сі нікого не було. 9. Він не приніс нічого цікавого. 10. Ніхто з нас не знав, що робити.
EXERCISE XXI.
We use one — 1) instead of a singular noun, 2) instead of a plural noun, 3) after an adjective in a noun phrase, 4) after the, 5) after every.
Fill in 7the gaps with one or ones.
1.Which roses would you like? The yellow ones.
2. Which skirt do you prefer? The long …
3. Which jeans do you prefer? The black …
4. This coat is the best. Which … ?
5. Which shoes would you like to try on? The … on the shelf.
6. Which scarf fits you best? The white …
7. Which ring are you going to buy? The most expensive …
8. Will you show me the cup? Which … ?
9. I like these shorts. Which … ?
10. She likes these cakes. Which … ?
EXERCISE XXII.
Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Ці дерева посаджено торік.
2. Ця кімната втричі більша від нашої.
3. Ті гори дуже далеко.
4. Та картина нагадала мені дитинство.
5. Я знаю кожного студента в цій групі.
6. Ніхто з гостей не запитував її.
7. Пилип ніколи ні з ким не сварився.
8. Вони нічого не розуміли з того, що він їм казав.
9. Хочеш що-небудь з’їсти?
10. Хтось дзвонить. Відчини двері.
11. Хтось є в сусідній кімнаті.
12. Томпсон щось знає про це.
13.У мене немає ніяких квітів.
14. Налий води у вазу, квіти в’януть.
15. Бенсон ніколи не дає грошей своїй дружині.
16. Лікар дав мені ліки від кашлю.
17. Це та жінка? Ота, у зеленій спідниці.
18. Ти знаєш Браунів? Це вони живуть у будинку напроти?
19. Передай мені яблуко. Яке? Оте, червоне.
20. Який светр тобі подобається? Жовтий.
21. Ніхто з них не знав про це.
22. Я гадаю, що нічого не трапилось.
23. Коли він увійшов у кімнату, там нікого не було.
24. Було так темно, що ми нічого не бачили.
EXERCISE XXIII.
We use much and many in the negative statements and in questions.
Also we use them in formal statements and time references. And we use a lot in the time references. And we use a lot or the informal lots in the affirmative sentences.
Fill in gaps with many, much and a lot.
1. There aren’t … portraits in that hall.
2. I see you have … books in your library.
3. There isn’t … sugar in this pie.
4. Bill Gates has … money.
5. There isn’t … space in this flat.
6. We spent there … years and I still love this place.
7. … money is spent for armaments.
8. Have you received … invitations?
9. Is there … salt left?
10. There are … elephants in India.
11. … of people crowded the streets.
12. He had lived here for … years before he left.
13. There aren’t … apples this year. The spring was rather cold.
14. We didn’t have … snow last winter.
15. There are … wild geese in the south.
EXERCISE XXIV.
Note! Quite a few — means a lot of.
Fill in few; a few; little; a little.
1. Very … students are really hardworking.
2. Hurry up. There is … time left.
3. She is not very communicative. She has got very … friends.
4. He cannot give these books. There are only … of them left and he had promised them to his customers.
5. There is too … snow this year. The rivers will be smaller.
6. Can you spend a lot of time for it? No, only …
7. Help yourselves to this pie. There are only … slices left.
8. The translation isn’t very difficult. I had to look for … words in the dictionary.
9. Would you like some more tea? Yes, please pour …
10. We have very … time. The train is to leave.
EXERCISE XXV.
Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Ми бачили багато цікавого цього літа.
2. У мене є всього кілька нових книжок.
3. Дуже мало туристів було в Криму минулого року.
4. Дай мені, будь ласка, трохи молока.
5. У нього мало клієнтів. Він ще має мало досвіду.
6. Багато вчених приїхало на цей симпозіум.
7. Вони купили кілька нових столів.
8. На вечірці було мало тістечок.
9. Я купила кілька нових суконь.
10. У цій каві мало цукру.
EXERCISE XXVI.
The other, another, others are used as pronouns. We use another when we mean one more from the group of the items; we use the other when we mean the last in the group.
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